Vionnet was innovative in other areas of business as well. She pushed for copyright laws in fashion. Each garment leaving her house carried a designed label bearing her signature and her left thumbprint. She instituted paid holidays and maternity leave for her employees. She provided day care, a resident doctor and dentist and a dining facility.
At the onset of World War I, Madeleine Vionnet had closed her house and reopened it 5 years later. She was again forced to close her house in 1939 at the beginning of World War II. This time, she did not reopen it. Madeleine Vionnet died at the age of 99 in 1975. She is considered to be one of the most influential designers of the 20th century. If you look at the collections of such past and present designers as Halston, John Galliano, Comme des Garcons, Azzedine Alaia, Issey Miyake and Marchesa, you will see her influence a sensual approach to women’s clothing and that lovely bias cut.
Grew up in Andover MA, joined the Navy on a dare, met my husband in the Navy. Had two healthy children who both now live in Manchester NH. Charley retired from the Navy and has been teaching in Lawrence MA for over 15 years. I got my degree from Rivier in Graphic Design in 2008, went to work processing claims for the VA. I am now retired due to disabilities. I do a book review blog called Blue Cat Review posting a review Monday - Friday.